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"Private Law of Data" Project works towards a preparation of several academic publications (see the about page). We’ll link to them here as soon as they’re ready. In the meantime, feel free to consult the Team’s publications that the Project is building on, and to inquire about our Works in Progress.

Works published:

  • P. Pałka, Więcej niż dane: Ku teorii kosztów mentalnych ponoszonych przez użytkowników platform [More than Data: Towards a Theory of Mental Costs Incurred by Platforms' Users], in: Wyzwania dla prawa konsumenckiego w wymiarze globalnym, regionalnym i lokalnym [Challanges to consumer law in global, regional and local dimensions], M. Namysłowska, K.Podgórski & E. Sługocka-Krupa (eds.), C.H. Beck, Warsaw 2022 publisher's websiteWorking Package: 2, "Practicies"
  • P. Pałka, Some Light Remarks on Methodology of Law & Technology, in: A Contract Law for the Age of Digital Platforms?, E. Bargelli & V. Calderai (eds.), Pacini Editore (2022) publisher's websiteWorking Package: 4, "Politics"

Works accepted for publication:

  • P. Pałka, Distributive Consequences of Boilerplate: Theorizing (Lack of) Regulation as (Reverse) Insurance, in: Ramsi A. Woodcock (ed.), "The Inframarginal Revolution: Markets as Wealth Distributors," Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2023. Preprint available here.

Works in progress:

Several articles are in progress – if you’d like to get engaged in our work by, for example, reading the drafts and providing feedback, please let us know at:

Get out of My Mind! Towards a Theory of Mental Costs in Consumer Law & Policy

Description: an article analyzing the ways in which corporations monetize data about persons, and the costs that consumers incur in that process. It scrutinizes the impact of data-heavy business models on individuals’ mental health, and the role that consumer law (unwillingly) played in the emergence of mental cost.

Working Package: 2, "Practices"

Status:  First draft ready, under improvement; presented during the Consumer Law Scholars Conference 2022 (Boston MA, March 3-4, 2022), Technologies of deception: Information Society Project’s Yearly Conference (New Haven CT, March 25-26, 2022) and accepted for workshopping during the Global Meeting on Law & Society (Lisbon PT, July 13-16, 2022).

The Impact of the Digital Content Directive on Online Platforms’ Terms of Service

Description: an article aiming to verify, by conducting an empirical analysis of one hundred terms of service of online platforms, to what extent the Digital Content Directive has genuinely influenced market practices and improved consumer protection.

Working Package: 2, "Practices"

Status:  First draft ready, under improvement; presented during the Early-Career Researcher Workshop on Multidisciplinary Research Methods in EU Law (Edinburgh UK, May 26-27, 2022), and the Una Europa Reimagining the Future of Law Seminar (Kraków PL, June 24-25, 2022). Accepted for workshopping at the IVR World Congress 2022 (Bucharest RO, July 3-8, 2022).

The Phantom Menace: A Critique of the European Commission’s Artificial Intelligence Act Proposal

Description: an article critically analyzing the EC’s proposal for the AI Act – the first in the world global attempt to comprehensively regulate artificial intelligence. As artificial intelligence is one of the major avenues where data about persons becomes useful to corporations, its regulation will change the balance of power in data governance. Unfortunately, the AI Act delegates way too much power to private parties, and masks political decisions as technical ones.

Working Package: 4, "Politics"

Status: Frist draft ready, under improvement; presented as a guest lecture at Yale Law School and several internal talks at the Jagiellonian University, European New School of Digital Studies (Frankfurt nach Oder, DE) and Humboldt University (Berlin, DE).

What is "Data"? A Legally Useful Ontology

Description: the article analyzes what entities does the term "data" refer to and proposes a disambiguation useful for further policy and legal conversations.

Working Package: 1, "Concepts"

Status: Conceptual stage, literature review and brainstorming ongoing.

An Alien Body: Purpose Limitation Principle in the Market Economy

Description: the article analyzes the relationships between the GDPR’s principles (especially purpose limitation and data minimization) and the principles underlying private law (freedom of contract, freedom of enterprise, drive towards efficiency). It argues that applying exactly the same rules of the GDPR to both private and public parties unwillingly empowered the former, hurting the consumers.

Working Package: 3, "Principles"

Status: Conceptual stage, literature review and brainstorming ongoing.

"Private Law of Data" builds upon the expertise of the PI and the Researchers, including the research results presented in the following works:

  • P. Pałka, The World of Fifty (Interoperable) Facebooks, Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 4 (2021) open accessssrn
  • P. Pałka, Private Law and Cognitive Science, in Law and Mind, B. Brożek, J. Hage & N. Vincent eds., Cambridge University Press (2021) publisher’s websitepreprint
  • P. Pałka & Marco Lippi, Big Data Analytics, Online Terms of Service and Privacy Policies, in Big Data Law Research Handbook, R. Vogl ed., Edward Elgar (2021) publisher’s websitepreprint
  • P. Pałka, Algorithmic Central Planning: Between Efficiency and Freedom, Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 83, No. 2, pp. 125-149 (2020) open accessssrn
  • P. Pałka, Data Management Law for the 2020s: The Lost Origins and the New Needs, Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 68, No. 2, pp. 559-640 (2020) open accessssrn
  • K. Wiśniewska, Przechowywanie danych w chmurze w perspektywie dyrektywy w sprawie niektórych aspektów umów o dostarczanie treści cyfrowych i usług cyfrowych, Urząd Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów (2020), open access
  • M. Lippi, G. Contissa, A. Jabłonowska, F. Lagioia, H.-W. Micklitz, P. Pałka, G. Sartor & P. Torroni, The Force Awakens: Artificial Intelligence for Consumer Law, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, Vol. 67, pp. 169-190 (2020) open access
  • M. Lippi, P. Pałka, G. Contissa, F. Lagioia, Hans-W. Micklitz, G. Sartor & P. Torroni, CLAUDETTE: An Automated Detector of Potentially Unfair Clauses in Online Terms of Service, Artificial Intelligence and Law, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 117–139 (2019) publisher’s websitearXiv
  • H.-W. Micklitz, P. Pałka, Y. Panagis, The Empire Strikes Back: Digital Control of Unfair Terms of Online Services, Journal of Consumer Policy, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 367–388 (2017) publisher’s websitepreprint