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"Private Law of Data" Project works towards a preparation of several academic publications (see the about page). We’ll link to them here as soon as they’re ready. In the meantime, feel free to consult the Team’s publications that the Project is building on, and to inquire about our Works in Progress.

Works published:

  • P. Pałka, Harmed While Anonymous: Beyond the Personal/Non-Personal Distinction in Data Governance, Technology and Regulation, 2023, p. 22–34, open accessWorking Package: 1, "Concepts".
  • K. Wiśniewska, P. Pałka, The impact of the Digital Content Directive on online platforms’ Terms of Service, in: Yearbook of European Law, 2023, p. 1-19, open accessWorking Package: 2, "Practices".
  • P. Pałka, K. Wiśniewska, R. Pałosz, A. Porębski, Annotated Terms of Service of 100 Online Platforms, Mendeley Data, V1, 2023, Working Package: 2, "Practices", available here.
  • P. Pałka, P. Bystranowski, B. Janik, M. Próchnicki, When “a citizen” becomes little Mary J. The abstract–concrete effects in legal reasoning, and the rule of law, Brigaglia M., Roversi C. (eds.), Legal Reasoning and Cognitive Science: Topics and Perspectives, «Diritto & Questioni pubbliche», Special Publication, August 2023, forthcoming, publisher's website, Working Package: 1, "Concepts", Preprint available here.
  • P. Pałka, Więcej niż dane: Ku teorii kosztów mentalnych ponoszonych przez użytkowników platform [More than Data: Towards a Theory of Mental Costs Incurred by Platforms' Users], in: Wyzwania dla prawa konsumenckiego w wymiarze globalnym, regionalnym i lokalnym [Challenges to consumer law in global, regional and local dimensions], M. Namysłowska, K.Podgórski & E. Sługocka-Krupa (eds.), C.H. Beck, Warsaw 2022 publisher's websiteWorking Package: 2, "Practicies". Preprint available here.
  • P. Pałka, Some Light Remarks on Methodology of Law & Technology, in: A Contract Law for the Age of Digital Platforms?, E. Bargelli & V. Calderai (eds.), Pacini Editore (2022) publisher's websiteWorking Package: 4, "Politics". Preprint available here.
  • P. Pałka, Ciało obce: zasady RODO a gospodarka rynkowa [Alien Body: Principles of GDPR and the market economy], Internetowy Kwartalnik Antymonopolowy i Regulacyjny, Vol. 5, No. 11 (2022) publisher's websiteWorking Package: 3, "Principles". Preprint available here.

Works accepted for publication:

  • P. Pałka, Distributive Consequences of Boilerplate: Theorizing (Lack of) Regulation as (Reverse) Insurance, in: Ramsi A. Woodcock (ed.), "The Inframarginal Revolution: Markets as Wealth Distributors," Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2023. Preprint available here.
  • P. Pałka, K. Wiśniewska, Normative Considerations in Data-driven Personalization of Consumer Insurance Contracts, in: European insurance contract law: the promises and perils of digitalization, C. Poncibò, P. Tereszkiewicz (eds.), Springer International forthcoming 2023. Preprint available here.
  • P. Pałka, Terms of Injustice, West Virginia Law Review, forthcoming 2023. Preprint available here.

Works in progress:

Several articles are in progress – if you’d like to get engaged in our work by, for example, reading the drafts and providing feedback, please let us know at:

The Phantom Menace: A Critique of the European Commission’s Artificial Intelligence Act Proposal

Description: an article critically analyzing the EC’s proposal for the AI Act – the first in the world global attempt to comprehensively regulate artificial intelligence. As artificial intelligence is one of the major avenues where data about persons becomes useful to corporations, its regulation will change the balance of power in data governance. Unfortunately, the AI Act delegates way too much power to private parties, and masks political decisions as technical ones.

Working Package: 4, "Politics"

Status: Frist draft ready, under improvement; presented as a guest lecture at Yale Law School and several internal talks at the Jagiellonian University, European New School of Digital Studies (Frankfurt nach Oder, DE) and Humboldt University (Berlin, DE).

What is "Data"? A Legally Useful Ontology

Description: the article analyzes what entities does the term "data" refer to and proposes a disambiguation useful for further policy and legal conversations.

Working Package: 1, "Concepts"

Status: Conceptual stage, literature review and brainstorming ongoing.

Harmed While Anonymous: Beyond the Personal/Non-Personal Distinction in Data Governance

Description: the article provides a critique of the assumption that harms to individuals can result only from personal data processing. It argues, that while the assumption is valid when considering data unwanted disclosure, it does not account for detrimental use of non-personal data that could be discriminatory, manipulative or cause harms to mental health. Acknowledging above limitations, the paper introduces a new concept of "data about humans" aiming to provide more appropriate level of personal data protection.

Working Package: 1 "Concepts", 2 "Practices"

Status: Submitted to Regulation & Governance.

"Private Law of Data" builds upon the expertise of the PI and the Researchers, including the research results presented in the following works:

  • P. Pałka, The World of Fifty (Interoperable) Facebooks, Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 4 (2021) open accessssrn
  • P. Pałka, Private Law and Cognitive Science, in Law and Mind, B. Brożek, J. Hage & N. Vincent eds., Cambridge University Press (2021) publisher’s websitepreprint
  • P. Pałka & Marco Lippi, Big Data Analytics, Online Terms of Service and Privacy Policies, in Big Data Law Research Handbook, R. Vogl ed., Edward Elgar (2021) publisher’s websitepreprint
  • P. Pałka, Algorithmic Central Planning: Between Efficiency and Freedom, Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 83, No. 2, pp. 125-149 (2020) open accessssrn
  • P. Pałka, Data Management Law for the 2020s: The Lost Origins and the New Needs, Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 68, No. 2, pp. 559-640 (2020) open accessssrn
  • K. Wiśniewska, Przechowywanie danych w chmurze w perspektywie dyrektywy w sprawie niektórych aspektów umów o dostarczanie treści cyfrowych i usług cyfrowych, Urząd Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów (2020), open access
  • M. Lippi, G. Contissa, A. Jabłonowska, F. Lagioia, H.-W. Micklitz, P. Pałka, G. Sartor & P. Torroni, The Force Awakens: Artificial Intelligence for Consumer Law, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, Vol. 67, pp. 169-190 (2020) open access
  • M. Lippi, P. Pałka, G. Contissa, F. Lagioia, Hans-W. Micklitz, G. Sartor & P. Torroni, CLAUDETTE: An Automated Detector of Potentially Unfair Clauses in Online Terms of Service, Artificial Intelligence and Law, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 117–139 (2019) publisher’s websitearXiv
  • H.-W. Micklitz, P. Pałka, Y. Panagis, The Empire Strikes Back: Digital Control of Unfair Terms of Online Services, Journal of Consumer Policy, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 367–388 (2017) publisher’s websitepreprint
  • R. Pałosz, How Do Base Rules Constitute a Virtual World?, International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique, Vol. 35 (2022), open access
  • R. Pałosz, Rule-Creating Activity of EVE Online Players, Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Vol. 109 (2023) publisher's website